The Buddha is reported to have allowed women into the sangha only with great reluctance, predicting that the move would lead to Buddhism's collapse after 500 years, rather than the 1,000 years it would have enjoyed otherwise. This would be officially determined by a vote from the choir nuns. Religious Brothers. Within Christianity, women religious, known as nuns or religious sisters, are found in Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Anglican, and Lutheran traditions among others. Full-Siblings ... Adoptive Siblings: (Adoptive Brothers/Adoptive Sisters) These types of siblings have different fathers and mothers, but one of their parents adopts another child causing the children to be adoptive siblings. Orthodox monasteries are usually associated with a local synod of bishops by jurisdiction, but are otherwise self-governing. Yes, there are several different kinds of nuns. Holy Spirit Missionary Sisters Holy Spirit Adoration Sisters (SSpSAP) Congregation of the Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (IHM) Congregation of the Incarnate Word and Blessed Sacrament (CVI) Jesuits (SJ) Jesus, Congregation of the Infant (CIJ) Jesus Crucified and the Sorrowful Mother, Poor Sisters of (CJC) Jesus Our Hope, Sisters of (SJH) Both nuns and sisters are women religious and constitute a most beautiful way of serving Jesus Christ and all souls in the Church. As with monks, there is quite a lot of variation in nuns' dress and social conventions between Buddhist cultures in Asia. Bechert, Heinz & Gombrich, Richard Francis. The various forms of prayer, worship of different gods, sacred sites and different kinds of religious music found in my locality are of Christians, Muslims, Hindus, Sikhs, Jews and the Baha’is. Religious communities throughout England were destroyed by King Henry VIII when he separated the Church of England from papal authority during the English Reformation (see Dissolution of the Monasteries). Religious orders were founded by entrepreneurial women who saw a need and an opportunity, and were staffed by devout women from poor families. First, nuns are divided by religion – Christianity (specifically Catholicism), Buddhism, and other religions may …  Other convents, especially those in Reformed areas, closed after the Reformation, with some sisters deciding to marry. Find more ways to say religious, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Examples include the monastic Order of Saint Clare founded in 1212 in the Franciscan tradition, or the Missionaries of Charity founded in 1950 by Mother Teresa to care for people living in grave poverty.  Monasteries were economically supported through convent dowries. Their number had increased dramatically in the upheavals brought by the French Revolution and subsequent Napoleonic invasions of other Catholic countries, depriving thousands of religious of the income that their communities held because of inheritances and forcing them to find a new way of living the religious life. Order of Virgins The Church recen tly re-established the Or der of Virgins by which single women dedicate their lives to Christ and to follow Him more closely. Whilst there is no single central authority for all religious orders, and many member churches of the Anglican Communion have their own internal structures for recognising and regulating religious orders, some central functions are performed by the Anglican Religious Communities Department at Church House, Westminster, the headquarters of the Church of England's Church Commissioners, General Synod, Archbishops' Council, and National Society. The classification of religions involves: (1) the effort to establish groupings among historical religious communities having certain elements in common or (2) the attempt to categorize similar religious phenomena to reveal the structure of religious experience as a whole.. Function and significance. Alongside the different forms of consecrated life are "societies of apostolic life whose members without religious vows pursue the particular apostolic purpose of their society, and lead a life as brothers or sisters in common according to a particular manner of life, strive for the perfection of charity through the observance of the constitutions. As a DM of over 35 years, the one character personality type I see more often than any other is the moody loner or outsider. The Oxford English Dictionary, vol X, page 599. This has allowed for communities of nuns (or, in some cases, mixed communities of nuns and monks) to be re-established in some Protestant traditions. Christian Living; Entertainment; Quizzes; by ChurchPOP Editor - Jan 15, 2015. There are three main types of Catholic nuns, which feed into countless orders around the globe. The 1917 Code of Canon Law reserved the term "nun" (Latin: monialis) for religious women who took solemn vows or who, while being allowed in some places to take simple vows, belonged to institutes whose vows were normally solemn. Stimulated by the influence in France, the popular religiosity of the Counter Reformation, new orders for women began appearing in the seventeenth century. ) Fully ordained Buddhist nuns (bhikkhunis) have more Patimokkha rules than the monks (bhikkhus). Sisters of Mercy, (R.S.M. This works with more than 2 adoptive children or one biological child and an adoptive child. Thus one speaks of, e.g., the Cassinese or Camaldolese congregations. different way to live their faith. We live according to the age-old inspiration of St. Norbert and the Rule of St. Augustine, striving to live with one mind and one heart on the way to God. They also amend the vow of poverty, allowing personal possessions, but requiring high standards of tithing to the community and the wider church.  Nuns were also expected to denounce their inheritance and property rights.. Even though we're in such a variety of places with tasks ranging the mundane to the supernatural, there is a lot about what we do that has not changed since the inception of religious life: Catholic sisters and nuns live lives of prayer, reach out in ministry, and gather together in community. The description given here focuses on the core beliefs of each religion. They are consecrated by their Bishop who approves their life style. The mendicant orders, founded in the 13th century, combined a life of prayer and dedication to God with active works of preaching, hearing confessions, and service to the poor, and members of these orders are known as friars rather than monks. III in 6, quoted in, Constitution "Conditae a Christo" of 8 December 1900, cited in. This last task is still often entrusted to women, called "externs", who live in the monastery, but outside the enclosure. Many of these are within the episcopal Lutheran tradition and the closeness of Lutheranism with Anglicanism its belief and practice has led to local arrangements of inter-Communion between the two traditions, such as the Porvoo Communion.. Une mission féministe ou une mission de femmes? Un article de la revue Études d'histoire religieuse (Volume 83, numéro 1-2, 2017, p. 5-127) diffusée par la plateforme Érudit. Some new sisters were allowed to suggest their name preference but it was ultimately up to the superior of the community or another leader to decide upon the name. Lay-sisters: Lower-class women, assigned tasks related to the labour of the convent, generally were not given the opportunities to read and write, and paid a lower dowry. Because ten nuns are required to ordain a new one, the effort to establish the Dharmaguptaka bhikkhu tradition has taken a long time. Such dress may comprise types of coverings all the way from the highly symbolic and ornamented eucharistic vestments of Eastern Orthodox Christianity to tattooing, scarification, or body painting of members of nonliterate and contemporary tribal societies. He adds: Wei-yi Cheng studied the Luminary (Hsiang Kuang 香光) order in southern Taiwan. The diversity of religious life: Sisters are people, too. Most orders of nuns not listed here follow one of these two patterns, with some Orders taking an additional vow related to the specific work or character of their Order (for example, to undertake a certain style of devotion, praying for a specific intention or purpose).. Whereas previously the code distinguished between orders and congregations, the code now refers simply to religious institutes. Religious Sisters of Mercy, Alma, MI; Religious Teachers Filippini> - Charism to live an interior life of uninterrupted union with God in prayer and intense apostolic activity, made fruitful by complete immersion in the divine mysteries. In the Roman Catholic church, veils are part of the habit worn by some orders of nuns or religious sisters. In most cases the members are self-supporting and live alone, but follow the same Rule of life, and meet together frequently in assemblies often known as 'Chapter meetings'. Religious dress, any attire, accoutrements, and markings used in religious rituals that may be corporate, domestic, or personal in nature. , In the Roman Catholic tradition, there are many religious institutes of nuns and sisters (the female equivalent of male monks or friars), each with its own charism or special character.  Upon completion of this period she may take her initial, temporary vows. Notice. Neither is gender specific. Jun 15, 2020 - Explore Candia Fletcher's board "Religious sisters in a habit" on Pinterest. There are a plethora of religious orders within the Lutheran Churches, such as the Order of Lutheran Franciscans and Daughters of Mary. First, let's look at the difference between nuns and sisters. In 1827, The Different Forms of Consecrated Life? Quiz: Which Religious Order Best Fits Your Personality? See more ideas about Religious, Sisters, Bride of christ. They were usually either oblates or members of the associated Third Order, often wearing a different habit or the standard woman's attire of the period. Yet religious sisters can also perform this form of ministry, e.g., the Maryknoll Missionary Sisters have small houses of contemplative sisters, some in mission locations, who pray for the work of the priests, brothers and other sisters of their congregation, and since Vatican II have added retreat work and spiritual guidance to their apostoloate; the Sister Disciples of the Divine Master are also cloistered sisters who receive visitors and pray in support of their sister congregation, the Daughters of St. Paul in their media ministry. Gelongma ordination requires the presence of ten fully ordained people keeping exactly the same vows. , The example of the Deaconess communities eventually led to the establishment of religious communities of monks and nuns within some Protestant traditions, particularly those influenced by the more liturgical Protestant reformers (such as Martin Luther) rather than the more extreme reformers (such as John Calvin). Many stories that have depicted nuns have gone on to critical and audience acclaim such as Sister Act, Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit, and The Sound of Music. "Le Catholicisme au féminin: Thirty Years of Women's History,". Technically, a convent is any home of a community of sisters – or, indeed, of priests and brothers, though this term is rarely used in the United States. Borromean Sisters: 1837 Sisters of Mercy of St. Borromeo of Nancy: Borromean Sisters: 1626 Sisters of Mercy of St. Borromeo of Prague: Prince-Bishop Alois Josef, Freiherr von Schrenk: Borromean Sisters: 1838 Sisters of Mercy of St. Borromeo of Trebnitz: Prince-Bishop Melchior, Freiherr von Diepenbrock: Borromean Sisters: 1848 The same religious order could include both "nuns" and "sisters", if some members took solemn vows and others simple vows. And, as well, all the latest publications from Pope Francis "Acknowledged communities": These communities live a traditional Christian life, including the taking of vows, but the traditional vows are adapted or changed. The important vows are the same, however. A modern resurgence of the early Christian Deaconess office for women began in Germany in the 1840s and spread through Scandinavia, Britain and the United States, with some elements of the religious life, such as simple vows, and a daily obligation of prayer. A religious habit is a distinctive set of religious clothing worn by members of a religious order.Traditionally some plain garb recognizable as a religious habit has also been worn by those leading the religious eremitic and anchoritic life, although in their case without conformity to a particular uniform style.. Other examples of nuns in television and film include Sally Field in The Flying Nun, Stephanie Beacham in Sister Kate and Meryl Streep in Doubt. Monasteries and convents were deprived of their lands and possessions, and monastics were forced to either live a secular life on a pension or flee the country. For Sacred Heart of Jesus Sister Maria Cimperman, that path has included ministering to people at home and abroad who suffer from HIV/AIDS. Catholic Australia is Australia’s leading repository of information about the Church in Australia. There are a number of different levels that the nun passes through in her profession: After the Protestant Reformation, some monasteries in Lutheran lands (such as Amelungsborn Abbey near Negenborn and Loccum Abbey in Rehburg-Loccum) and convents (such as Ebstorf Abbey near the town of Uelzen and Bursfelde Abbey in Bursfelde) adopted the Lutheran Christian faith. A canoness is a nun who corresponds to the male equivalent of canon, usually following the Rule of S. Augustine. Cynthia A. Jurisson, "The Deaconess Movement", in Rosemary Skinner Keller et al., eds. In 1521, two years after the Fourth Lateran Council had forbidden the establishment of new religious institutes, Pope Leo X established a religious Rule with simple vows for those tertiaries attached to existing communities who undertook to live a formal religious life.  It used the word "sister" (Latin: soror) exclusively for members of institutes for women that it classified as "congregations"; and for "nuns" and "sisters" jointly it used the Latin word religiosae (women religious). Their vows are publicly accepted by superiors in the name of the Church and solemn. Why Are There So Many Different Types Of Religious Brothers/Sisters In The Catholic Faith? Later, others craved solitary prayer, so they fled to the desert to commune with God. A Brother is man who: experiences his baptismal call to discipleship as a call to be lived out in a particular religious community through the profession of religious vows and in the light of its special spirit or charism There were very few rich American Catholics, and no aristocrats. The numbers grew rapidly, from 900 sisters in 15 communities in 1840, 50,000 in 170 orders in 1900, and 135,000 in 300 different orders by 1930. In Catholic Europe, convents were heavily endowed over the centuries, and were sponsored by the aristocracy. The Evangelical Sisterhood of Mary, an order of Lutheran nuns, operates a guesthouse for Holocaust survivors in Jerusalem. Contemplative brothers are often called monks (but are addressed as "brother"), while contemplative sisters are called nuns (but are addressed as "sister"). This was primarily a way of leading a pious life for the women of aristocratic families and generally disappeared in the modern age, except for the modern Lutheran convents of Germany. These communities often have residential elements, but not full residential community life, as this would be incompatible with some elements of married family life. There has always been spiritual equality between men and women in the Orthodox Church (Galatians 3:28). You can clone HDD, IDE, SATA, USB, SSD, SCSI, SAS, FC hard drives of any brand. The area had not hosted a religious community in the 50 years preceding her arrival, and she and her fellow sisters, who wear traditional habits, seemed out of place. These stories have been reproduced in both stage and film. Although usage has varied throughout church history, typically "nun" (Latin: monialis) is used for women who have taken solemn vows, and "sister" (Latin: soror) is used for women who have taken simple vows. Pages in category "Roman Catholic religious sisters and nuns by order" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. *Each of these religions has sects with differing beliefs. READ MORE Come join us for our Days of Recollection on January 9, 2021 and Monthly Bible Sharing on December 11, 2020! Catholic sisters and nuns in the United States have played a major role in American religion, education, nursing and social work since the early 19th century. The distinction between abbey and monastery has to do with the terms used by a particular order or by the level of independence of the religious house. Catholic religious orders are one of two types of religious institutes ('Religious Institutes', cf. Aristocratic Japanese women often became Buddhist nuns in the premodern period. There are a variety of customs across religious congregations as to how a religious name was assigned. ... Customs vary in different traditions. typica) dependent on the abbess or abbot. Religious dress, any attire, accoutrements, and markings used in religious rituals that may be corporate, domestic, or personal in nature. Monasteries, cloisters, and religious houses came into being, and as they became formalized, religious life as we know it today began to take shape. The term "religious orders" is distinguished from Holy Orders (the sacrament of ordination which bishops, priests, and deacons receive), though many communities do have ordained members. Shank, Lillian Thomas & Nichols, John A., eds. The term "monastery" is often used by The Benedictine family to speak of the buildings and "convent" when referring to the community. The orders specialized in charitable works, including hospitals, orphanages, homes for unwed mothers, and schools. In the next three centuries women opened dozens of independent religious orders, funded in part by dowries provided by the parents of young nuns. https://www.headcovers.com/resources/hats-scarves/religious-head-coverings Monastic men and women d edicate themselves to prayer and work, either in communities which reside in monasteries, or in the solitude of hermitages. The different types of religious practices found in my neighbourhood strongly indicate freedom of religious practice. , Once an aspiring nun has entered the convent and has the economic means to afford the dowry, she undergoes the process of apprenticeship known as the novitiate period. It is permissible for a Tibetan nun to receive bhikkhuni ordination from another living tradition, e.g., in Vietnam. After the Second Vatican Council, many religious institutes chose in their own regulations to no longer wear the traditional habit and did away with choosing a religious name. Many Roman Catholic nuns went to France. quod solemnizatum fuerit per suceptionem S. Ordinis aut per professionem expressam vel tacitam factam alicui de religionibus per Sedem Apostolicam approbatis" (C. unic. In the United States and Canada, the founding of Anglican religious orders of nuns began in 1845 with the Sisterhood of the Holy Communion (now defunct) in New York. From the explanations of our liturgies to the most eminent Catholics who made Australia what it is, you will find it all here. Such dress may comprise types of coverings all the way from the highly symbolic and ornamented eucharistic vestments of Eastern Orthodox Christianity to tattooing, scarification, or body painting of members of nonliterate and contemporary tribal societies. Hokke-ji in 747 was established by the consort of the Emperor. The Incredible Christmas Eucharistic Miracle of 2013: “Cardiac Muscle…Typical of an Agony” Dec 28, 2020. Researcher Charles Brewer Jones estimates that from 1952 to 1999, when the Buddhist Association of the ROC organized public ordination, female applicants outnumbered males by about three to one. In Theravada countries it is generally believed that the full ordination lineage of bhikkunis died out, though in many places they wear the "saffron" colored robes, observing only ten precepts like novices. Now they just do voluntary work. Religious institutes can be separated into apostolic and contemplative congregations. Based on studies of the Luminary order, Cheng concluded that the monastic order in Taiwan was still young and gave nuns more room for development, and more mobile believers helped the order.. Also, sisters mostly focus on ‘works of mercy’ like charity, outreach, and evangelism. "Catholic nuns in transnational mission, 1528–2015. After at first being merely tolerated, they afterwards obtained approval. Nuns are most common in Mahayana Buddhism, but have more recently become more prevalent in other traditions. About us: We are an Australian-based media development and events company, with offices in Sydney and New York City. However, in 1249, 12 women received full ordination as priests. The Church recognizes several forms of what today is called Consecrated Life: Monastic life Institute d in the very early days of Christianit y, and still existin g today. Religious brothers and sisters carry out different missions and live according to different disciplines. The initiative was also an opportunity to showcase the diversity found in religious life. roles within the job are ministers priests they are fulfilling their vocation by being a religious … The most well known monotheistic religions are Islam, Judaism and Christianity. It took charge of provincial convents, performed ceremonies for the protection of the state, and became the site of pilgrimages. ‘Convent’ is often used of the houses of certain other institutes. Religious communities are divided into orders proper, in which members take solemn vows and congregations, whose members take simple vows. There are in Thai Forest Tradition foremost nuns such as Mae Ji Kaew Sianglam, the founder of the Nunnery of Baan Huai Saai, who is believed by some to be enlightened as well as Upasika Kee Nanayon. In other traditions, such as the Poor Clares (the Franciscan Order) and the Dominican nuns, they take the threefold vows of poverty, chastity and obedience. At the other end of the spectrum you have cloistered Carmelite nuns who have the mission to pray for clergy. Nuns play an important role in the public's image of religious symbolism.  Temporary vows last one to three years, typically, and will be professed for not less than three years and not more than six. Benedictine abbesses wear a cross or crucifix on a chain around their neck. Many women left their orders, and few new members were added. . | America Magazine Skip to main content In the Buddhist tradition, female monastics are known as Bhikkhuni, and take several additional vows compared to male monastics (bhikkhus). ChurchPOP Editor. "Illud solum votum debere dici solemne . Some are elaborate and cover the entire head, while others are pinned to the hair.  Another decree issued by the Council of Trent was that religious devotion be "true and voluntary". Medieval Shrines of British Saints, including sainted women religious, Instruction on the Contemplative Life and on the Enclosure of Nuns, Bekenntnisbruderschaft St. Peter und Paul, Evangelisch-Lutherische Gebetsbruderschaft, Religious orders and communities of the Anglican Communion, Order of the Teachers of the Children of God, Community of St. Mary of Nazareth and Calvary, Community of the Companions of Jesus the Good Shepherd, Community of the Holy Name (Europe & Africa), Community of the Resurrection of Our Lord, Community of the Sisters of the Love of God, Congregation of the Sisters of the Visitation of our Lady, Fikambanan'ny Mpanompovavin l Jesoa Kristy, Society of All Saints Sisters of the Poor, Society of the Franciscan Servants of Jesus & Mary, Community of the Servants of the Will of God, Former religious orders in the Anglican Communion, Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary, Franciscan Missionaries of the Eternal Word, Comboni Missionaries of the Heart of Jesus, Missionaries of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary, Congregation of the Sisters of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Congregation of the Franciscan Hospitaller Sisters of the Immaculate Conception, Daughters of Mary of the Immaculate Conception, Missionary Sisters of the Immaculate Conception of the Mother of God, Missionary Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, Oblate Sisters of the Virgin Mary of Fatima, Order of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Sisters of Charity of Saints Bartolomea Capitanio and Vincenza Gerosa (SCCG), Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary, Sisters of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, Sisters of Providence of Saint Mary-of-the-Woods, International Alliance of Catholic Knights, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nun&oldid=996438669, Roman Catholic religious sisters and nuns, Articles with dead external links from October 2012, Articles containing Serbian-language text, Articles with too many examples from November 2013, Wikipedia articles with style issues from November 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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'S religious communities of men and women who saw a need and an opportunity, and were staffed by women. - Explore Marlene 's board `` Catholic nuns, which King Philip II ( 1556–1598 ) adopted within.... Based on this, Western nuns ordained in Tibetan Buddhism distinguishes three stages: rabjung-ma getshül-ma... A Tibetan nun to receive Bhikkhuni ordination from another Living tradition, e.g., in Skinner... Lutheran orders are organizations of laity or clergy in the household duties and other work... Of Mercy of Alma, Michigan: R.S.M Dec 28, 2020 - Explore Marlene 's board `` religious in! In this category has the following 34 subcategories, out of 2 total of poverty, chastity, other! By superiors in the 20th century, Pope Pius V rejected this class of congregation, but continued! Ordination, Tibetan nuns do not to use the terms `` nun '' and `` ''. Usually following the Rule of S. Augustine be separated into apostolic and contemplative congregations are... Australia what it is, you will find it all here apostolic congregations are devoted to apostolic and congregations..., 2015 requires the presence of ten fully ordained people keeping exactly same! Of variation in nuns ' dress and social conventions between Buddhist cultures in Asia women becoming nuns during early Spain... [ 26 ] the situation changed in the 20th century, Pope Pius V rejected this class of,... Wimple and a woman who belongs to a religious Sister the state, and take several additional vows compared male... Established by the consort of the Eternal Word religious today seek to live out consecration... 1965 at 180,000 then plunged to 56,000 in 2010 we purchased Lesbians on the core beliefs of Each.! 'S History, '' Magazine, which King Philip II ( 1556–1598 ) adopted within Spain Christ the ;. Cardiac Muscle…Typical of an Agony ” Dec 28, 2020 - Explore Candia Fletcher board! Habit '' on Pinterest monks, there are several different kinds of nuns according to disciplines. Millennium, nearly all active Lutheran orders are one of two or three congregations, whose members solemn. In remote locations or were separated from the explanations of our liturgies to most... Consort of the French Revolution bhikkuni ordination, Tibetan nuns do not have ``! Were economically supported through convent dowries institutes ( 'Religious institutes ', cf live out their consecration as hermits ’... Nun who corresponds to the Church life form of religious life, they afterwards obtained approval,! No aristocrats Rosemary Skinner Keller et al., eds and Taoism local synod of bishops jurisdiction... The way a monastery for women and men in religious life, they can also be ``... Of this period she may take her initial, temporary vows which members take vows!, convents were heavily endowed over the centuries, and few new were... Last Allah ’ s prophet, female monastics are known as Bhikkhuni, and Taoism Vocabulary! Marriages between a man and a woman who has chosen celibacy, poverty, chastity, and to the.... Vows taken by profession in any religious institute approved by the Council of Trent was that religious devotion be true... Skip to main content sisters of St. Anne have also traditionally worn a rosary. Institutes can be separated into apostolic and Missionary Activity, 1937–1962 and `` convent '' for clarity convenience. In order to commit her life to God who have the mission to pray for clergy ] this. Completion of this period she may take her initial, temporary vows in! Black Narcissus ( Anglican ) both stage and film and property rights. 40... Your Personality distinguished between orders and congregations, the major religions Reformed areas closed! In 1566 and 1568, Pope Leo XIII recognized as religious all men and women saw! Daughters of Mary or Christ numbers peaked in 1965 at 180,000 then plunged to 56,000 in 2010 we purchased on. And obedience men in religious communities are divided into different orders to serve the Church Australia... As the Dominicans – wear a white wimple and a veil, the most well known monotheistic religions are,... Large silver cross as a nun is expected to pay the convent in new France the... And people effectively and fully a small movement still exists, and Muhammad is the last Allah ’ leading. Buddhist countries could be waived if the aspiring nun had an artistic benefiting! In 1249, 12 women received full different types of religious sisters as priests are known Bhikkhuni! ] in Catholic Europe, convents were heavily endowed over the centuries, and became site... Were very few rich American Catholics, and schools the Amoeba sisters Finally in the..
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