emerald ash borer invasive species

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Woodpeckers readily feed on EAB larvae and often reveal infested trees during the winter months. Several tiny wasp species are helping to control EAB. A new USDA Forest Service study shows that e-noses can detect emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) larvae lurking under the bark – an early, noninvasive detection method. The insect was introduced into the U.S from Asia and has killed millions of ash trees since then. 1. In its native range, it is typically found at low densities and does not cause significant damage to trees native to the area. Emerald ash borer has already done extensive damage to ash tree populations in North America, killing millions of ash trees in Ontario, Quebec, and many U.S. states. The City of Toronto, for example, estimates that it will cost the city $37 million over five years to cut and replace the city-owned ash trees that are killed by the insect. Biotic factors Abiotic factors Woodpecker Emerald Ash Borer's … Decision Guide for Homeowners, Local Governments and Tree Care Contractors 6. Adult beetles actively feed on host plant foliage throughout their lives. Its larvae feed on and kill ash trees, creating regulatory headaches and costing millions in control measures. Update on trapping; timeline for quarantine adjustment. Asian long-horned beetles, Spotted lanternflies, Banded elm bark beetles, Brown spruce long-horned beetles, Common pine shoot beetles and European oak bark beetles are just a few of the bugs preying on our native forests. Pupae: 10 -15 mm long, creamy white in colour. Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System. A small wood-boring beetle . EAB emerges in late spring, flying from June to August. Produced by: USDA, FS, Forest Health Protection, and its partners. Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection. Home » Species » Emerald Ash Borer. The rapid spread of the beetle through North America is most likely due to the transport of infested firewood, ash nursery stock, unprocessed ash logs, and other ash products. Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Electronic noses are sensitive to a vast suite of volatile organic compounds that every living organism emits. The adult beetles nibble on ash foliage but cause little damage. But humans also migrate and trade, habits that led to the accidental introduction of insects and diseases that harm trees and alter the landscape. North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Introduction: Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) (Agrilus planipennis) is a small insect that attacks many species of ash trees. These trees become covered in light-colored \"flecking\" as woodpeckers remove the outer bark.As tunnels from feeding larvae accumulate, trees begin to show signs and symptoms of EAB infestation. 2008). Help protect Colorado's ash trees! Sault Ste. There are several control methods currently being used to contain EAB to infested sites within Southern Ontario: MechanicalEAB infested trees can be cut down and their wood either burned or buried. Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station. The emerald ash borer has already killed millions of trees in … Officials with the Office of the State Entomologist in the University of Kentucky Entomology Department on May 22, 2009 announced two confirmed occurrences in Kentucky of emerald ash borer, an invasive insect pest of ash trees. Credit: Jonathan Lelito, BASF Corporation. The Eulophid wasp (Tetrastichus planipennisi), pictured above, is being released for biological control of EAB. There are two main methods of detection used for emerald ash borer: 1. Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Galveston Bay Estuary Program; Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC). Massachusetts Introduced Pests Outreach Project. Entomology. What is it? Don't move firewood, and consider chemical treatments to protect high-value ash trees. Females lay eggs in bark crevices on ash trees, and larvae feed underneath the bark of ash trees to emerge as adults in one to two years. The following CFIA policies relate to EAB: Canadian Wood Packaging Import Requirements, Emerald Ash Borer Approved Facilities Compliance Program. EAB is responsible for the death of millions of ash trees in the Midwest. As a non-native insect, EAB lacks predators to keep it in check. Documents may be viewed online at https://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=APHIS-2017-0056 upon publication. Some potential ecological impacts are as follows: changes to forest structure, altered canopy gaps, reduced coarse woody debris, altered biogeochemical and nutrient cycling, and altered ecological interactions among organisms (both aquatic and terrestrial). The emerald ash borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), was discovered as the cause of extensive ash tree (Fraxinus spp.) decline and mortality throughout southeastern Michigan in June 2002. Provides state, county, point and GIS data. Washington State Recreation and Conservation Office. Photo: David Nisbet, Invasive Species CentreCanopy openings caused by EAB damage can increase light penetration to the forest floor, and make the area more susceptible to understory plant invasions. EAB was first detected in North America in 2002. The Emerald Ash Borer eats away at the tree from the inside, killing it within four years. Their feeding eventually girdles and kills branches and entire trees. Photo:  Bill McNee, Wisconsin Dept of Natural Resources, Bugwood.org. European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. For more information, see: Questions and Answers: Changes in the Approach toward Fighting the Emerald Ash Borer (Dec 2020; PDF | 692 KB). EAB attacks and kills all species of North American ash (Fraxinus spp.) You can calculate the cost estimate of treating vs. removing your ash tree by visiting the Canadian Forest Service Ash Projection Model (CFS-APM). Emerald Ash Borer is in Minneapolis You may have noticed ash trees around Minneapolis that have been marked with green ribbon. USDA. EAB only attacks ash trees in the genus Fraxinus (so mountain ash are not susceptible). You may also see larval galleries (pictured below, right) beneath the bark. Further, as of 2012, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency had already spent over $30 million to manage the invasion of EAB and had cut over 30,000 trees to slow the spread of the beetle (Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, 2012). Muskoka Conservancy – Emerald Ash Borer Early Detection Project. They are approximately 1/2 inch in length and can fit on the head of a penny. You can become a more effective First Detector by familiarizing yourself with invasive target pests and pathogens known to exist in the U.S. Emerald ash borer was first confirmed in New York in June 2009 near Randolph, in western Cattaraugus County. Frequently As… Adults can be about 0.5 in long. The Invasive Species Centre aims to connect stakeholders. Emerald Ash Borer was discovered in New Jersey in May 2014 in Somerset County, and as of October 2015 has also been found in Bergen, Burlington, Essex, Hunterdon, Mercer, Middlesex, and Monmouth counties. Town leaders say they hope to put together a replanting program over … A Healthy Terrestrial Ecosystem Food Web Before an invasive species is found in a Canadian ecosystem, the environment looks a lot differently then it does after the destruction the invasive species have taken over. Emerald Ash Borer. It has since been found in several states from the east coast spanning across the midwest and in June 2006, we discovered that it had taken up residence in Illinois. Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) was found in Boulder, CO, in September 2013. These regulations prohibit the movement of specific materials, such as ash material and firewood of all species, from specific infested areas of Ontario, Quebec, and Winnipeg, Manitoba (see below). In 2015 it was found in many additional counties, and a statewide EAB quarantine went into effect in North Carolina. Integrated Pest Management Program. Biology & Description: Emerald ash borer has a golden-green body with dark, metallic green wings and a purplish-red abdomen. These insects could make their way into Montana through firewood brought from out of state. The emerald ash borer is characterized as an invasive species that was accidentally imported into North America, probably via wooden packaging materials, and is causing both economic and ecological impacts. Description. It was detected in the Detroit, Michigan and Windsor, Ontario areas in 2002, but likely existed undetected in North America since the 1990s. The emerald ash borer poses a very serious threat to all species of ash trees throughout their range in the United States and Canada. About News Species Report Sightings Publications Resources Laws & Regulations. The Emerald Ash Borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), commonly referred to as “EAB”, is an invasive wood-boring beetle. 2. The emerald ash borer is a metallic green beetle that bores into ash trees feeding on tissues beneath the bark, ultimately killing the tree. Effects and Impacts . Adult EAB begin to emerge from trees in late spring, depending on temperature, and are able to fly immediately after emergence. that it has encountered. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Ash trees provide many benefits within urban environments, such as increased property values, windbreaks, temperature regulation, pollution abatement, runoff prevention, and provision of wildlife habitat. The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is changing its approach to fight the emerald ash borer (EAB) infestation that has spread through much of the United States. Emerald ash borer has been in Canada for nearly 20 years. An interactive story map of the USDA’s history of combating the infestation and the continuing efforts to protect ash trees in the U.S. The Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis) are uniformly bright metallic emerald green, with the elytra usually appearing somewhat duller and slightly darker green.The overall greenish coloration may also have variable amounts of brassy, coppery or reddish reflections. Over the next decade, some estimates suggest that 17 million trees will need to be removed and replaced within communities in the U.S. alone. They are metallic green with bronze on the head and under the elytra. The United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) updates and distributes an Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) (Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire) Detection Map each month; click here to see the current map. Even if a tree is injected with the insecticide, it may take several years to fully recover from the EAB infestation, and re-treatment may be needed to prevent additional infestations. Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. In that time significant progress has been made in the understanding of the insect’s biology, ecology and management, but there is still much work to do. The Agency is publishing a final rule that removes the federal domestic EAB quarantine regulations that have proved ineffective and will redirect resources to more promising methods. This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. The map below is the EDDMapS (Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System) Ontario distribution map for the emerald ash borer as of May 2018. Map:  U.S. Department of Agriculture (December 2018). Photo: Taylor Scarr, OMNRF A mature ash tree is removed from a residential neighbourhood after being attacked by the emerald ash borer. It is not native to the United States and was first found in the U.S. near Detroit, Michigan in 2002. Ash is a commonly planted street and park tree, and the loss of mature trees will negatively impact the aesthetic value of residential neighbourhoods and urban greenspace. Invasive Species - (Agrilus planipennis) Prohibited in Michigan The Emerald Ash Borer is a bright, metallic green insect with purple abdominal segments under its wing covers. Kansas Forest Service. info@invasivespeciescentre.ca, 153 American Entomologist• Volume 51, Number 3 2002 included organization of a New. Further, the cost of treating infested trees, removing damaged and dead trees, and replanting where trees have been lost have already been very large (NRCan, 2014). These chemicals are injected into the tree trunk and are then transported in the conductive tissues (xylem and phloem) upwards through the tree. Michigan Technological University. Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Due to its major economic and environmental threat, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency has prohibited the movement of firewood and any material made from Ash trees outside of designated areas under an Infested Places Order. The Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire is an invasive, wood boring beetle native to Asia that feeds on and eventually kills all species of Ash. Larvae of this beetle feed under the bark of ash trees. Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development. Virginia Invasive Species. Pennsylvania State University. The University of Georgia – Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. Recent evidence from the U.S. suggests that EAB may also attack the white fringetree. The emerald ash borer is a small Asian, wood-boring beetle that may attack and kill ash trees. Note: EAB impacts on American Indian Communities, National Invasive Species Information Center, McCullough and Usborne 2015; Poland and McCullough 2006, https://www.regulations.gov/docket?D=APHIS-2017-0056, Questions and Answers: Changes in the Approach toward Fighting the Emerald Ash Borer (Dec 2020; PDF | 692 KB), After a Blight, the Trees that Survived Need Your Help (Feb 25, 2020), E-Noses Detect Emerald Ash Borer Larvae (Aug 6, 2020), The Emerald Ash Borer, EAB in the United States - A Story Map by, Alien Forest Pest Explorer (AFPE): Alien Pest Range Maps, Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Emerald Ash Borer, Emerald Ash Borer Information Network - About Emerald Ash Borer, Pest Tracker - Survey Status of Emerald Ash Borer, Emerald Ash Borer Information Network - Moving Firewood, Domestic Quarantine Notices (Title 7: Agriculture, Part 301) - Emerald Ash Borer, Emerald Ash Borer - Federal Regulations and Quarantine Notices, State Summaries of Plant Protection Laws and Regulations, YouTube - LITTLE THINGS big problems-- Emerald Ash Borer, First Detector Program - Emerald Ash Borer, New York Invasive Species Information - Emerald Ash Borer, Plantwise Technical Factsheet - Emerald Ash Borer (, The Quiet Invasion: A Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area - Emerald Ash Borer, Wisconsin's Emerald Ash Borer Information Source, Pest Alert - Emerald Ash Borer (May 2015), Forest Disturbance Processes - Emerald Ash Borer, Hungry Pests: The Threat - Emerald Ash Borer, Plant Pest and Disease Program: Emerald Ash Borer, Forest Invasive Alien Species - Emerald Ash Borer, Plant Pests / Invasive Species - Emerald Ash Borer, Top Forest Insects and Diseases in Canada - Emerald Ash Borer, Forest Pests: Invasive Plants and Insects of Maryland - Emerald Ash Borer (2015) (PDF | 368 KB), Emerald Ash Borer Frequently Asked Questions, Fact Sheet: Emerald Ash Borer (PDF | 188 KB), Field Guide: Invasive - Emerald Ash Borer, Insect Pests & Diseases - Emerald Ash Borer, Nuisance & Invasive Species - Emerald Ash Borer, Regulatory & Scientific Information: Emerald Ash Borer, Current Pests & Diseases: Emerald Ash Borer, Invasive Plants and Insects: Emerald Ash Borer, IPM Scouting in Woody Landscape Plants - Emerald Ash Borer, Kentucky Emerald Ash Borer (EAB): Resources & Updates, Invasive Species Management - Emerald Ash Borer, Emerald ash borer: invasion of the urban forest and the threat to North America's ash resource. APHIS. The findings were published in the journal Biosensors. CompassLive. Nebraska becomes the 27th state to confirm the presence of EAB, joining neighboring states of Iowa, Missouri, Kansas and Colorado. Emerald ash borer can only fly within a 15 km radius. Forest Service. There are federal regulatory measures in place that strive to reduce human-mediated spread of EAB and contain their populations to infested areas. With EAB now in several areas of the Show-Me State - and its ability to hitchhike on firewood - the probability of it spreading to noninfected areas in the state is high. P: (705) 541-5790 The emerald ash borer is an invasive species that damages trees, and makes them more likely to fall down. Blue ash may succumb to EAB, however, research indicated that it is mostly resistant. Eastern Russia, Northern China, Japan, and Korea (, Arrived accidentally in cargo imported from Asia (, Ash trees lose most of their canopy within 2 years of infestation and die within 3-4 years (. The larvae burrow under the tree’s bark and eat the sapwood. EAB has been found in 13 Iowa counties (Allamakee, Black Hawk, Boone, Bremer, Cedar, Des Moines, Henry, Jasper, Jefferson, Muscatine, Story, Union, and Wapello). Three species have been released in Canada (Tetrastichus planipennisi, Spathius galinae, and Oobius agrili), the fourth species (Spathius agrili) has not been released as research has shown it would not be able to successfully establish a population in a Canadian climate. Although the direct effects of EAB on ash trees are fairly conspicuous, the indirect or downstream ecological impacts of EAB are much more difficult to quantify. Infestations throughout the U.S. and Canada have killed tens of millions of ash trees since 2002. This method is used particularly where the infestation centre is small, and strives to reduce EAB populations and slow their spread to surrounding areas (NRCan, 2013). Typical signs of EAB infestation include crown dieback and epicormic branches. Emerald ash borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, is an exotic Asian beetle accidentally introduced into North America before 2002. Natural Resources Canada. Pesticide Safety Information Program. In July 2008, a small EAB infestation was discovered at a Wappapello Lake campground. Economic impacts associated with eab include the loss of valuable trees for timber production and the loss of ash from city and suburban landscapes. Center for Exotic Species. Prevention of an emerald ash borer infestation in a new area is the most effective way to reduce long-term impacts. Emerald ash borer (EAB), Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, is an exotic beetle that was discovered in southeastern Michigan near Detroit in the summer of 2002. About 13 mm long, indented along the elytra. USDA. USDA. With extensive ash tree mortality caused by EAB, the cost of replacing such services can be immense for municipalities. You are here: NRS Home / Research Programs / Forest Disturbance Processes / Invasive Species / Emerald Ash Borer / Effects and Impacts . If you think you have encountered one of the species or disease complexes listed, report its presence. As it develops, it takes on adult colouration. Loss of ash could have a significant impact on these industries. When EAB populations become large enough, larval feeding under the bark girdles the tree, eventually leading to tree death. Adults lay eggs in crevices on host tree bark or under bark scales; peak oviposition period typically occurs between late June and early July in temperate regions (Bauer et al., 2004) but may vary depending on factors such as latitude and local climate. To assist in preventing an EAB infestation, follow these tips: Detection is an essential step once emerald ash borer is suspected to be in a new area. University of Georgia. Emerald Ash Borer. In an attempt to control the spread of EAB in Canada, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) has developed regulations that restrict the transport of ash materials (such as firewood) out of affected areas, under the Plant Protection Act (CFIA, 2011). College of Agriculture. A total of 20 species of ash are found in North America, six of which are native to Canada: green ash , white ash, black ash, and much less common blue ash, pumpkin ash, and Oregon ash in B.C. Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry. Initial surveys in 2002 revealed the presence of EAB in seven counties in Southeastern Michigan. For more information on EAB regulation, please visit the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) website by clicking here. Now all colors of ash species – black, green, white, pumpkin, and blue – are threatened by emerald ash borer. Humans adores trees. Select the non-indigenous forest pest to view maps depicting state and county distribution. Emerald ash borer was first identified in North America in southeastern Michigan in 2002. Virginia Invasive Species. Division of Natural Resources. The Nebraska Department of Agriculture (NDA) has confirmed that emerald ash borer (EAB) was discovered during a site inspection in Omaha's Pulaski Park on June 6, 2016. The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. 2018. Branch sampling allows for detection of the pest even at low population densities. North Carolina Forest Service. Quick detection and identification of the pest allows for rapid response and treatment. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. Michigan State University. The already uncommon butternut tree, also known as white walnut, faces the possibility of extinction from a mysterious attacker. Removing the quarantine regulations ends APHIS' domestic regulatory activities, which includes actions such as issuing permits, certificates and compliance agreements, making site visits, and conducting investigations of suspected violations. Photo: Taylor Scarr, OMNRFAsh trees removed from an urban area in response to an emerald ash borer infestation. Emerald ash borer - Agrilus planipennis The emerald ash borer (EAB) is a highly destructive invasive beetle which attacks and kills all species of ash, but not mountain ash, which in spite of its name, is a completely different species of tree. These include crown dieback, bark deformities (vertical cracks and shoots growing out of the lower trunk), D-shaped exit holes, woodpecker feeding holes, and yellowing foliage (FIAS, NRCan, 2013). University of Kentucky. Many invasive insects and fungi come from regions where native trees have evolved to resist their attacks. Entomology and Plant Pathology. Adult beetles average 3/8″ to 3/4″ long and 1/6″ wide. Kansas State University. Branch SamplingBranches are removed from a potential host tree, and inspected using specific guidelines for the presence of EAB larvae below the bark. Violating these restrictions could result in fines and/or prosecution (CFIA, 2014) . Adults emerge in early summer. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry (Canada). There are four injectable insecticides registered in Canada for use against EAB. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Emerald Ash Borer. These damaged layers of tissue below the bark are critical to transporting water and nutrients throughout the tree. The following information below link to resources that have been created by external organizations. Plant Protection and Quarantine. As of February 2014, all 99 counties in Iowa have been quarantined (. College of Menominee Nation Sustainable Development Institute. Maps can be downloaded and shared. P6A 2E5 Available online at http://www.eddmaps.org/; last accessed June 25, 2018. Emerald ash borer (EAB) is an invasive insect from Asia that kills ash trees. Emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) is an exotic, invasive, wood-boring insect that infests and kills native North American ash trees, both in forests and landscape plantings. The EAB continues to spread in all directions across North America where ash trees are present. Pupation occurs in the early spring. Natural Resources Canada – Emerald Ash Borer Profile, Invading Species – Emerald Ash Borer Profile, Canadian Food and Inspection Agency – Emerald Ash Borer Profile, Ontario Government – Emerald Ash Borer Profile, 1219 Queen St. E Urban tree removal comes at a high economic and ecological cost for municipalities across infested areas. Division of Plant Industry. Provides federal and state quarantine information. The EAB was officially first identified in 2002 in southeastern Michigan & Windsor, Ontario. When development is complete, the adult EAB will chew out of the bark of the tree, leaving a distinctive D-shaped exit hole in the bark (Bauer et al., 2004). Emerald ash borer feeds and lives in all species of ash and, in some cases, it has been found on white fringetree (Chionanthus virginicus). Urban areas are at high risk to EAB infestations, as ash trees line many streets, and are commonly found in parks, and urban greenspace. See also: IPM Scouting in Woody Landscape Plants for more pests and diseases. Bureau of Environmental Programs. Native to Asia, the beetle’s first North American populations were confirmed in the summer of 2002 in southeast Michigan and in Windsor, Ontario. In addition to federal quarantines, state-level quarantines might apply see State Summaries of Plant Protection Laws and Regulations (National Plant Board). Detection TrappingDetection traps baited with plant volatiles and/or pheromone lures are placed on host trees, and if EAB is present in the vicinity of the tree, individuals may become trapped, and collected by surveyors. USDA. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. EAB is an invasive beetle … See what states have a federal quarantine for any of the targeted Hungry Pests, and identify which pests or diseases are at greatest risk due to a suitable habitat. Adult beetles eat ash foliage but cause little damage. The EAB was first found in North America in 2002 near Detroit and since has spread to 13 states and two Canadian provinces, killing hundreds of millions of Ash trees in rural and urban settings. These wasps do not sting humans and their impacts on other native species are being closely monitored after release (CFIA, 2013). "The results were quite spectacular," says Dan Wilson, a research plant pathologist and lead author of the study. EAB was first found in Michigan, near the Detroit area. For best results, the insecticide should be injected prior to infestation, or as soon after infestation as possible, and during adult EAB emergence in the late spring or early summer (OMAFRA, 2013), A technician injects an infested ash tree with insecticide to control emerald ash borer. This would cost approximately $10.7 billion, but could double if both urban and rural land is taken into account (Kovacs et al, 2010). The adult beetles usually live for about three weeks, during which time they are very active during warm, sunny days (McCullough et al. EAB has been detected in 35 states in the U.S. and 5 provinces in Canada (Ontario, Quebec, Manitoba, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia), and continues to spread. With EAB now in several areas of the Show-Me State - and its ability to hitchhike on firewood - the probability of it spreading to noninfected areas in the state is high. Experts believe the EAB was introduced to Detroit hidden inside wooden packaging materials or shipping crates. Memo July 2015 5. Learn how to perform both of these detection methods using the instructional videos below: Learn how to detect an emerald ash borer infestation using the branch sampling technique, For more information on branch sampling for EAB, see Detection of emerald ash borer in urban environments using branch sampling (Ryall et al., 2011). Management efforts no longer focus on eradication of the insect from Canada, as this is not a realistic outcome. EAB is a very invasive insect and can be… U.S. Department of Agriculture (December 2018). The flattened, creamy white larval stage feeds below the bark and cuts off the living, water and nutrient conducting vessels causing tree death. Specifically, populations of native species that have specialized interactions with the threatened host, such as terrestrial arthropod species with a high level of association with ash, might be at increased risk (Gandhi and Herms 2010). Their larvae, however, feed on the inner bark of ash trees, preventing the tree from transporting water and … The distribution of emerald ash borer in Canada will continue to increase from the natural spread of the insect through flight and by the human-assisted movement of infested ash commodities (firewood, nursery stock and wood products). Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. The emerald ash borer, also known by the acronym EAB, is a green buprestid or jewel beetle native to north-eastern Asia that feeds on ash species. The aesthetic and recreational values that people place on forests and parks could be negatively impacted by EAB, since many ash trees within these natural areas have already died, or are susceptible to EAB infestation. Illinois Department of Agriculture. Canadian Forest Service. Also referred to as EAB, Emerald Ash Borers are wood boring insects with a one year lifecycle. Larvae: 25 – 32 mm long at maturity, creamy white in colour, brown head, flat, broad shaped body; 10-segmented abdomen (bell-shaped segments) and a fork-like appendage on the tip of the abdomen. Colorado Department of Agriculture. EAB is a beetle whose larvae feed on ash trees and at least one other species related to ash. Emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis) is an exotic, invasive, wood-boring insect that infests and kills native North American ash trees, both in forests and landscape plantings. Since its accidental introduction from Asia, Our understanding of how EAB can be managed successfully with insecticides has, Photo: Daniel Herms, The Ohio State University, bugwood.org.

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